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Water Crisis in Republic of Kosova

August 23, 2012


Water Crisis in Republic of Kosova


Radoniqi during drought

Kosovo has a central geographical position in the Balkan Peninsula. It is bordered with Albania (southwest), Macedonia (southeast), with Serbia (east, north and northeast) and Montenegro (west). The overall length of the border between Kosovo and neighbouring countries is about 700.7 km.[1]

There are many problems are facing Kosova as a new state in nowadays and one of them is water crisis. Water issues in Kosovo do not only concern supply and access to water, but also access to safe water. In Kosovo, as in many other countries, health and quality of life is increasingly threatened by the poor water quality and scarcity of water reserves. Currently about 75% of the population is covered with water supply services, while only about 55% with sewage services.

According to the World Water Council, “because of the lack of adequate sanitation systems, about 80% of rural population [in Kosovo] consumes contaminated water from domestic wells”. There are various risks for the water supply and the (ground) water quality, depending on the region and the respective water source. The main identified environmental risks are the contamination of water reservoirs, rivers, groundwater and wells. Contamination of water reservoirs, contamination through leaking pipes, contamination of rivers and ground water and contamination of wells.[2]

Most municipalities expect water shortages in summers due to droughts and other reasons. Before 2005, water cuts in Kosovo were mostly of a technical nature. After new pumping stations were built, the water supply situation significantly improved in 2005 and the beginning of 2006 when most of Kosovo was provided with water 24 hours per day. However, during the summers the water situation is still bad because of water usage in agriculture, industry, the watering of pavements and streets as well as car washing.[3] The situation is almost the same nowadays. In 2012, some of the cities in Kosovo, including the capital city Prishtina, are still facing the problem that became a tradition among the citizens.

The main problem is that people forget to do something about this problem, so they familiarize with it. They are used to wait for the water to come in the evening so they can fill up bottles for the next day.

During the election time, almost every politican makes promises about the water issue but after they come in position, they change and they blame the citizens for using too much water.

Today, the majority of Kosovo citizens have trouble with water because the increase of population has increased the need for water. It often happens that our water taps are leaking for days and we do not care to fix them. Thousands of people do not have enough water for drinking and other purposes.

Therefore care of water should not underestimated, especially in Kosovo where pollution in the lakes is very high. The water must not only be protected, it must also be saved.

Here are some tips on how to save water:

  • Before you wash the dishes, remove food residues from their surface
  • Do not wash dishes under running water, but use the lid for closing the sink hole to collect water in the sink – this will save half of the amount of water needed.
  • Use a bucket of water and soap to wash your car using only water hose end
  • Collect the food residues instead of washing them away with water cannons
  • Do not water the garden with tap water

There are even more advices on how to save water. These advices above are mentioned in case to help you with ideas of saving water and of course, your money. Only this way the Republic of Kosova can be a country that attracts investors. It may also help investment and tourism in Kosovo. So let’s start caring for ourselves and our home too. Let’s be a good example for the others.

Kosovo has limited water resources, so the protection of their quality is one of the main environmental challenges facing everyone. Everyone is responsible for the protection of water and water quality. But together we can face this challenge.

[1]Report, The state water in Kosovo from Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning, Prishtina 2010

[2] Case Study on the Right to Water and Sanitation in Kosovo, By Bardha Korca, University of Prishtina, Kosovo

[3] Monitoring Department, Water Supply Issues in Kosovo, July 2008


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